Monday, August 1, 2016


AD 1351
King Magnus appointed Paul Knutson to captain a rescue mission, which 
would row beyond Greenland to recover the Christians that abandoned Greenland.  Magnus gave Knudson full authority to choose his crews.

Excerpt in Gl. kgl. coll. 2432,4to in the Royal Library, København.-
Transcript of this excerpt in Langebeks Diplomatarium the Danish National Archives, København.Trykt in Greenland History Mindesmærker III p. 121-122.
No: 83.
Date: "3 November 1354."1 Location: Bjørgvin.
No one turned back
from here to there.
 went off yonder

What do the curved lines on the top of the circle represent?

What do the two mounds and lines from each mound to the circle represent?

This pictograph may identify the episode where Paul Knudson and his rescue crews found the LENAPE People and offered to rescue them.  

If so, what does the stanza say about the  LANAPE answer?

Most, but not all, 
survived a boat wreck
on the rocks.

What does the triangle with a line near the top represent?

What does the circle with curved lines below the line represent?

Do we have any evidence of the “wreck on the rocks?”

IF we DO have the evidence of the boat wreck in about AD 1352, why are school kids taught that Columbus, who sailed the ocean blue in 1492—a century and a half later—was the first person from the east side of the Atlantic to discover America?

On April 2, 2018, this post had been viewed 57 times.


  1. Firstly, the place where the boating accident occurred is called “Beardmont.” (Beardmo means “broken Norse” in Old Norse. ( Myron Paine, ( Secondly, the corroded hilt of s shield, together with the remains of an axe were found at the bottom of the waterfall there. (The early settlers did not use shields, they had guns). Secondly,
    When Ivar Bardarsson returned from the western settlement with news it had been abandoned: “ the Skraeling have [destroyed] the whole of the Western Settlement. There are only horses, goats, cattle, and sheep all wild, but no inhabitants, neither Christian nor Heathen,” considering King Magnus’s command, this command would now become a question of considerable weight and importance. Even though Magnus may not have had jurisdiction in this matter, (his son, King Hakon was now the king), he still had rank and privilege, commanding: “Know this for truth, that whoever defies this our command shall meet with our serious displeasure and receive our full punishment.” Now Knutsson May have had to “think on his feet” and interpret Magnus’s orders so as to preserve his good relations with the former king. Note that Magnus gave Knutsson permission to select the pick of his personal bodyguard). That he did finally choose to follow Magnus’s orders is suggested by the fact that he did join Nicholas of Lynne on his ship to America. That the Gemma Frisius map of 1537 shows the Nelson River (and only one other river), this suggests that Lynne and Knutsson sailed up that river together. Now it gets interesting. If Bardarsson was on the same ship, he would have had to cross Lake Winnipeg and row up the Red River to Moorehead. However, the map shows the Nelson River but not Lake Winnipeg. Now if we consider Myron’s interpretation of the Maalan Aruum, it’s tells of the Lenape travelled up the Nelson River and a boating accident occurred involving Knutsson where people perished, just after the expedition left the Nelson River. It also says “No one turned back.”
    This may be an explanation for the Frisius map showing only the Nelson River. As Bardarsson had to go on across Lake Winnipeg and up the Red River to Moorehead, in order to collect his tithes, this suggests that Knutsson did not go with him. As Lynne was the cartographer, it suggests that he stayed with Knutsson and possibly, the Leni Lenape expedition that accompanied them. (We must remember that the Lenape were now heretics, so Lynne, Bardarsson and Knutsson, may have been sworn to secrecy regarding the Lenape’s existence. Considering that Knutsson’s crew did not return with him to Norway, most probably joining with the Lenape, he may have shown loyalty to his shipmates by keeping the secret for the rest of his days.

  2. The Gemma Frisius globe of 1537 shows Hudson Bay and the Nelson River, seventy years before Henry Hudson was born.