Friday, August 12, 2016

ANSWERS to WEEK 14, KEEPING GUARD


AD 1353,



After Beautiful Head,
White Owl was chief at
Abundance of Rivers.

Why does the narrative return to the “Abundance of Rivers?”

Because the boat wreck on the rocks caused a retreat to the place where food in the form of geese and whales still existed.  The wreck demonstrated that the “short cut” to Minnesota was too risky to attempt again.

Why does the “Father, Son, and Holy Ghost” hair-do, with perhaps a strong Holy Ghost component return to the pictograph?

The “Bishop” was, perhaps, a man, who was a stronger religious person. He may have come from the east with the rescue team.  Yet he was depending on the Great Spirit to guide himself and the LENAPE through an apparent dismal future of being trapped at the "Abundance of Rivers. “

The word “chief” was the translation of the Monrovian priests for the sound “Sakimanep” they recorded.  “Sakimanep” means “Judge.”  Sometimes “Sakimanep” appears to mean “an activity to recall the year by.”

What activity might White Owl have done to deserve mention in the yearly stanza and pictograph?

White Owl may have performed his important role as pastor of the discouraged LENAPE, who needed a sense of direction out of what may have appeared to be a hopeless situation.  He may have overcome helplessness and created hope.


_____Part C_____

What does WAPA mean?

You should have found this page.

Wap means "White" 
Wapan means "easterly"

Perhaps the LENAPE historian chose a word that meant two things.  White Owl may have come from the east with the Scandinavian rescue team.

Do you think “go-khos” sounds like an owl?

As a boy on the farm, I heard “go-khos” sounds.  The owls in the area of the LENAPE six centuries ago may have made slightly different sounds than the owls in our tree strip, so I a willing to accept “go-khos” as the sound an owl made.

Do you think the name is for a bird?

No, I think the LENAPE Historian chose a bird that came closest to representing the man.  “Big Bird” was the Bishop at the start of the migration.  “White Owl” seems like a natural choice of a bird for the next Bishop.

Or do you think the name describes a man with the attributes of the bird?

Yes,

If so, what are some attributes the man might have had?

He may have been vigilant and a steady influence on the LENAPE.  An Owl will fly quietly and usually swiftly strike his prey.  The man may have been one, who succeeded in leading hunters to find food.
AD 1354


Then Keeping Guard was the sachem.

Why has “Keeping guard” become an important activity?

The Little Ice Age was still growing colder.  Food in the form of the geese and Whales was becoming less.  The people surrounding the LENAPE were running out of food also.  Those people began to take food from LENAPE.  The food supply had to be guarded.

What is on the back of the man in the pictograph?

The man has a tomahawk in his hand.  I think the LENAPE Historian drew a shield on the back of the guard to show that the guard is dressed to fight if necessary, but he is not pro-actively seeking combat.

The LENAPE appear to be depending on the guards to discourage others from taking their food, but the LENAPE were not actively fighting to take food that others had.

What does the “Great Spirit” hair-do imply?

The implications are that a belief in the Great Spirit had become more sustaining than the “Father-Son-Holy Ghost.” Maybe because there were no “Father-Son-Holy Ghost institutions to sustain the Catholic beliefs. 

The letter of First John may have encouraged direct communication with God, the Great Spirit.  The LENAPE were keeping their faith alive by using the direct communications to the Great Spirit.  Most LENAPE had “freedom of religion.”
The American reformation was created by climate, although Catholic traditions would endure to become visible in the form of churches. temples, crosses, and "other antiques".

Three centuries later in AD 1657, the English Protestants did NOT have “freedom of religion.”  They were obligated to believe what the Preacher of their church preached.  They were punished if they did not conform.

The irony of the Protestant invasion of America is that the Protestants destroyed the major LENAPE churches and temples to the Mother of Jesus, which were visible indications of Catholics.

But then the Protestants called the direct worship of the Great Spirit a “savage” practice.

Yet “freedom or religion” prevailed, enabling the Catholic Church to re-establish Catholic congregations after the constitution was passed.
_______________Part B____________________
The major Copper Haulers route was south, out of the Christian Sea, up the Nelson River and across Lake Winnipeg.  At the south end of Lake Winnipeg the route went three ways: To Thunder Bay, north of Lake Superior, south, going up the Red River, and west toward Minot, ND then south to reach the northern bend of the Missouri.

If Norse had followed the Copper Route into North America, there should have been whetstones found along the routes.

Were there any whetstones found in the Dakotas?

The answer is, “None that we know about.”  

But South Dakota does have two Whetstone waterways.


The overview shows where they are.  The Whetstone River near Big Stone Lake (north east corner) would have been a place where Norse may have lived for extended periods.  It is a site with woods, water, a large body of water near-by would have been the watering place for herds of buffalo.


In the NORSE/LENAPE language Sissiton SD means "Buffalo town."



The Whetstone Creek near Geddes, SD, has similar terrain adjacent to a major water source, which may have been a buffalo watering place.

Both Whetstone areas may have been the location of Norse people, who had “discreetly slipped away” and populated eastern North America during the two hundred years before the Little Ice Age.

Compare the 200 year span to the 240 years the United States has existed.  There was adequate timwWe for the Norse to populate eastern Norse America before the LENAPE historian created a history.  The Whetstone River and Creek evidence shows that the did.

When “No one turned back,” the LENAPE may have known their relatives were living in better conditions in areas to the west.

Return to the overview.  

Notice "Minnihaha, which means "Little Waterfall."  There is a little waterfall at Sioux Falls" SD.  The LENAPE named the place in the 14th century.  The Sioux moved into the area later.
Sioux Falls is located in Minnihaha county and has a waterfall park named "Minnihaha."

Notice also, "Crow Creek" a site of a massacre of 486 people sometime between AD 1300 and 1400.  

Also the "Mound of the Little People," which may be associated with a Chinese boat on the Mississippi-Missouri about AD 1425.

These events may be related to episodes in the LENAPE history that we will NOT discuss in this 18 week semester.

The paradigms to remember are:

1.  The copper route was a rowboat (or canoe) route entering eastern North America via the Christian Sea (a.k.a. Hudson Bay) for over 3550 years.  Lake Winnipeg was a major outlet into Minnesota and Dakota.

2. The Norse came into America via the copper route by AD 800.  The Norse objective was to reach and live in the Mississippi Basin.  [The Mississippi Culture.]

3.  The LENAPE were Greenland Christians, who followed the Norse into America to escape the Little Ice Age.  They were entering Norse cultures already in place in Minnesota and Dakotas.






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